3) Seek energy policies that would make sense even if climate change were not an issue.
4) Identify nudges that significantly influence the behaviors of individuals and organizations in a positive direction without infringing on personal liberties.
5) Achieve buy-in on long-term policies that require up-front costs and consider a mild delay before policies take effect.
Zehner argues that environmental problems are rooted in social, political, and economic issues and that those most be engaged rather than focusing on training students in alternative energy technologies at university environmental degree programs. Researchers such as the McKinsey and Company consultants ranked the best CO2 reduction schemes by cost and benefit:
1) energy-efficiency strategies that typically save money.
2) agriculture and forestry management that either save a little or cost a little
3) energy-production strategies that cost the most (least?) per ton of “avoided CO2.”